How to make a rug: rug-making methods and techniques

How to make a rug: rug-making methods and techniques

Every rug lover has multiple choices. One can love traditional rugs, another one loves modern styles, and some are in love with Persian and oriental rugs. But, only a few of them care about the material and process. Of them, only a palm-full of people know how to make a rug or how it is processed. If one who doesn’t care is reading this, he might ignore “why is it important to know how a rug is made?” and just enough if we can buy it from the shop. If you don’t mind, it is better to know the hidden story of everything you like than just observing and taking decisions. So go through this article, learn how to make a rug, and think about the next story when choosing a carpet. 

Rug manufacturing methods

Rug-making started a long time ago. If you refer to our previous blog on the history of rugs, you can get an obvious idea. However, there are four different methods of constructing rugs so far. Let me introduce them to you.

How do you think this started? No doubts. You will answer hands. Yes. Handmade rugs were the first and the foundation for the rug industry in the world. So, the very first method of rug making is hand-knotting.

Hand-Knotting

This old technology has been used for over 1000 years. These rugs, made famous by Turkish and Persian artisans, are woven into sheer fabrics. The rugs are made by knotting the yarn crosswise (threads on the carpet vertically) and tightly wrapped around a wooden or metal frame (loom). 

The Knotting process is prolonged and requires years of training and experience. The average weaver can knit about 10,000 knots a day. The leading carpet makers are artists in the true sense of the word, and their work should be treated the same way.

Hand Tufted

This technique uses a tufting gun that speeds up the rug-making process. This makes it easier to create hand-tufted rugs than other handmade or slow-moving techniques. On the other hand, manufacturers can quickly produce the highest quality hand-tufted rugs compared to other handmade methods.

This technology was developed as an alternative to hand rugs which greatly accelerates the production of rugs. First, the design is stencilled into a piece of canvas that is tightly stretched across a frame. Then, using a tufting gun, the thread is sent across the canvas into a ‘V’ shape. Once the tufting is done, the rug is removed from the frame and glued to the back to hide the tufting end. They are cheaper than their hand-tied cousins ​​due to less labour and skill requirements and are also less durable.

Machine Made

In modern times, machine making has spread throughout the industry and is perhaps the most accessible of the rug-making techniques. Machines capable of weaving, weaving, hooks and tufting can produce handmade mattresses in a short period of time.

The fastest and most efficient method of making rugs using the latest machinery and technology, machine-made rugs are built through thousands of reels fed into one giant mechanical loom that can be quickly carpeted to the selected pattern. Although there are limits to the amount of colour used on one rug (usually 8-10 colours), several rugs can be made at once. Machine-made rugs are affordable and of high quality and service, making them an affordable luxury item in your home.

Flat Weaving/Hand Weaving

Produces rugs without the need for the fabric to build a flat weave. These are the pattern and foundation of a carpet, and since they have no backing, you can use either side when you lay them down. Classifying them as flat results from their lack of piles and smooth texture, which also contributes to their durability. Automatic loom machines can create a variety of intricate patterns with precision through the application of computer-aided design technology. The machines minimize the possible defects and defects in the carpet as a result.

For this technique, you will need a sewing machine. Built on a two-layer structure of vertical threads, the rugmaker places a horizontal weave between the upper and lower battle plates. The canopy has a movable front part called a beater, which pulls the fabric maker towards the growing carpet to press each extra line of the weft. This way, no large blanks could damage the fabric’s integrity once it is finished.

If the professional changes the process slightly, the flat canopy may have a more stacked surface. The yarn is piled up by placing a tube or rod between the two looms. The rug makers then made alternate rods and weaved them on the rug, and once they were finished, they could be left alone, or the loops could be cut.

Choosing a carpet can indeed be a daunting task. But carpet installation is twice as difficult and not always easy. That is why it is better to choose an experienced person or a company. 

Carpets are not cheap, so you need to hire a professional if you are unsure how to install them properly. Professional carpet installers are good at how to properly install carpet.

A skilled and experienced service provider will take a number of steps to complete the task. However, choosing the right carpet for your purpose is entirely in your hand. Refer to our previous blog about selecting the best rug for your ideal. But, a customer-friendly service provider will help you with the process indeed. If you need to do this yourself, this guide will ultimately help you do things alone.

Here are the next steps.

Remove existing one before a new carpet installation.

Carpet removing is also a step-by-step process. This should be done very carefully to ensure that the floor for the new carpet is smooth and not damaged.

If you do not entrust the job to an experienced person or team, you will need to inspect the basement and fix any problems before installing a new carpet or floor.

Steps for removing the old carpet

Clear the space and put on your safety gear.

  1. Begin by emptying all furniture from the room, then pull any door that opens into the room, including double-folding.
  2. Wear protective gloves and a pair of knee pads to protect yourself during this work – there are many stray taxes to keep in mind.
  3. If you are sensitive to dust particles, wear a face mask that will release when you pull the carpet up.

 Separate the carpet from the tack

  1. The carpet is placed by tack strips along the perimeter of the room. To reserve it:
  2.  Choose a corner, grasp the carpet with a couple of pliers, and drag. If the carpet comes up smoothly, grab it by your hand and pull it up.
  3. If it does not come off smoothly, use a utility knife to cut a 6-inch square in the corner.
  4. Remove the piece, then pull the carpet by hand.

Cut the carpet into strips.

  1. Use a utility knife to pull the carpet about 3 feet back and cut it along the fold. (Cut from the back of the carpet to provide an easier-to-work surface than the front.)
  2. Roll out the cut pieces and use duct tape to protect the rolls.
  3. Continue removing the carpet this way. If you come across a metal transition that separates the carpet from another floor or carpet, trim the rug and flee the transition alone.

Remove the carpet pads.

  1. If there is a carpet pad to remove, track the exact steps to remove the carpet. The padding usually comes in small pieces, so it will be easier to handle, and it is a lighter material so that you may roll some parts together at once.
  2. If the floor is made of concrete, the pad may stick to the bottom, and large pieces may stick to the concrete. Use a sharp blade scraper to remove the blocks. Staples lay down the pads if the floor is particleboard or plywood.
  3. Use a scraper on the floor to scrape them all off.
  4. And if the floor becomes hardwood and you want to protect it, a painter’s 5-in-1 tool, including Vice Grip Pliers and small, flat-, various tools, will help you extract the primary material without destroying the wood. Blade screwdriver, among others.

If necessary, remove the tack bars.

  1. After removing all the carpet, inspect the tack strips around the room. You can put them on to replace the new carpet if they look good.
  2. If you find some parts that are rusty or otherwise damaged, slip a frying pan under the tack bar and pop it up; Carpet installers can install new ones.
  3. If you plan to replace old carpets with other types of flooring such as wood, tile or laminate, you will need to remove all tack strips from the room.

Laying new pads underneath before the new carpet installation

Carpet installation is a way to enhance the atmosphere of a room. At the same time, they offer comfort undoubtedly. However, laying an underpad may improve comfort.

The installer will thoroughly clean and dry your floor. The cleaner the floor, the carpet will eventually feel. The installer can leave the existing tackle strips. If none, they will install new columns.

Next, the old carpet cushion will be removed and replaced with the new carpet padding, making a big difference in the feeling and functionality of your new carpet.

To properly install the tool to install a carpeted floor, you will need a specialized kit and a few steps to follow.

Measuring for underlying carpet installation

It is best to use a good quality, domestic metal tape to do this job well. Measure the lengths and breadths and calculate the area. Then cut the piece of the underlying pad to fit the surface perfectly.

Floor preparation for the new Carpet installation

Before you begin, you should do a series of checks on the area where you will lay the carpet floor. First, make sure the surface is clean. If there is excess dust, you can use a vacuum cleaner and be sure to remove nails or small objects that have stuck to the surface. 

If you can, temporarily extract the doors from their frames, this will speed up your work, but do not force it if circumstances do not allow you to do so. After that, you should nail your carpet gripper to the room’s edges.

It would help if you remained at least a quarter of the total thickness of the carpet you will use. Sticking carpet into this gap is very important if you will lay the floor successfully. Remember not to put grippers in front of your door; They are angular and should face the wall.

If your basement is stiff, you may need to attach your gripper. In doing this, be careful when placing the gripper to ensure that the bottom is uniform. Once the carpet is ready to be installed, you can proceed to lay the carpet.

Install tackless strip

The tackle bar creates a carpeted frame. When placing the strip, make sure the pins face the adjacent wall or opening. Position and nail 1/2 inch from the wall (see Example 1). For concrete floors, use glue.

Laying Carpet underlay(padding)

It seems simple, but be sure not to rush things. Laying your carpet and floor in the wrong way will create a crooked carpet. First, observe the direction of the floorboards and adjust the angles below as you place them.

Finishing touches

Cut off any excess underlayment that has stuck along the inside of the gripper. Then, seal the seams using underlying material, keeping the underside and hiding the lines while laying the carpet.

New Carpet Installation

The carpet pieces should be larger than the relevant room in a small amount, covering up to six inches. This cover cutting can be tricky, and it is imperative to cut it correctly when replacing the carpet. Experienced installers accomplish it precisely the first time, and the new carpet will prevent wastage or damage. This should be planned when you are measuring for carpet installation.

Measuring for the new Carpet Installation

Make a drawing

Grab a Pencil and a paper. Then sketch the area where you are going to lay the carpet. No need for a perfect diagram, but you will need accurate measurements.

Measure

Now measure all the lengths and breadths using domestic metal tape and write down near the relevant lines. 

Calculate

Calculate the area (length*breadth) and buy the necessary area of carpets. 

Note:- Remember to keep additional lengths for the seams (six inches).

Laying the new carpet

Lay the new carpet on the padding. It’s really simple. But, the hardest part is coming on the way.

Match the carpet stitches for a best Carpet installation

Most rooms require more than one carpet. The popular way to do this is to cut the carpet from wall to wall to ensure that the pattern fits correctly. The carpet is cut with great precision, so it perfectly aligns with the stitching.

The stitching tape is used to connect the two stitches. The seams between the two carpet pieces should be cut simultaneously, or their edges will not match exactly. Sewing tape must be used correctly with a steam iron and carpet roller. Otherwise, the seam will not seal completely.

Carpet extension and attachment

To finish the installation, first, stretch the carpet using a “knee kicker” and then spread the carpet along each wall to attach to the tackle strips. The extension should be followed by cutting the final wall, pasting the walls and re-installing the mould on the baseboards.

The first piece you want is the one that overlaps the floor edge. It should overlap by about 10 cm. Do not bother if it does not seem to be good, as you can cut this off once the carpet is laid properly. When cutting the first part, you need to measure the longest point in the room. Once you have taken the measurement, measure 10 cm. Then fold the carpet over.

New carpets and rug padding, or carpet cushions, feel luxurious and satisfying. It is a gift for your feet and can express your family’s personality and lifestyle. Luxury designs can give you performance and value whatever carpet you want. So, it is better to go to a new carpet installation when your rugs are old and don’t give comfy enough.

Choosing a carpet can indeed be a daunting task. But carpet installation is twice as difficult and not always easy. That is why it is better to choose an experienced person or a company. 

Carpets are not cheap, so you need to hire a professional if you are unsure how to install them properly. Professional carpet installers are good at how to properly install carpet.

A skilled and experienced service provider will take a number of steps to complete the task. However, choosing the right carpet for your purpose is entirely in your hand. Refer to our previous blog about selecting the best rug for your ideal. But, a customer-friendly service provider will help you with the process indeed. If you need to do this yourself, this guide will ultimately help you do things alone.

Here are the next steps.

Remove existing one before a new carpet installation.

Carpet removing is also a step-by-step process. This should be done very carefully to ensure that the floor for the new carpet is smooth and not damaged.

If you do not entrust the job to an experienced person or team, you will need to inspect the basement and fix any problems before installing a new carpet or floor.

Steps for removing the old carpet

Clear the space and put on your safety gear.

  1. Begin by emptying all furniture from the room, then pull any door that opens into the room, including double-folding.
  2. Wear protective gloves and a pair of knee pads to protect yourself during this work – there are many stray taxes to keep in mind.
  3. If you are sensitive to dust particles, wear a face mask that will release when you pull the carpet up.

 Separate the carpet from the tack

  1. The carpet is placed by tack strips along the perimeter of the room. To reserve it:
  2.  Choose a corner, grasp the carpet with a couple of pliers, and drag. If the carpet comes up smoothly, grab it by your hand and pull it up.
  3. If it does not come off smoothly, use a utility knife to cut a 6-inch square in the corner.
  4. Remove the piece, then pull the carpet by hand.

Cut the carpet into strips.

  1. Use a utility knife to pull the carpet about 3 feet back and cut it along the fold. (Cut from the back of the carpet to provide an easier-to-work surface than the front.)
  2. Roll out the cut pieces and use duct tape to protect the rolls.
  3. Continue removing the carpet this way. If you come across a metal transition that separates the carpet from another floor or carpet, trim the rug and flee the transition alone.

Remove the carpet pads.

  1. If there is a carpet pad to remove, track the exact steps to remove the carpet. The padding usually comes in small pieces, so it will be easier to handle, and it is a lighter material so that you may roll some parts together at once.
  2. If the floor is made of concrete, the pad may stick to the bottom, and large pieces may stick to the concrete. Use a sharp blade scraper to remove the blocks. Staples lay down the pads if the floor is particleboard or plywood.
  3. Use a scraper on the floor to scrape them all off.
  4. And if the floor becomes hardwood and you want to protect it, a painter’s 5-in-1 tool, including Vice Grip Pliers and small, flat-, various tools, will help you extract the primary material without destroying the wood. Blade screwdriver, among others.

If necessary, remove the tack bars.

  1. After removing all the carpet, inspect the tack strips around the room. You can put them on to replace the new carpet if they look good.
  2. If you find some parts that are rusty or otherwise damaged, slip a frying pan under the tack bar and pop it up; Carpet installers can install new ones.
  3. If you plan to replace old carpets with other types of flooring such as wood, tile or laminate, you will need to remove all tack strips from the room.

Laying new pads underneath before the new carpet installation

Carpet installation is a way to enhance the atmosphere of a room. At the same time, they offer comfort undoubtedly. However, laying an underpad may improve comfort.

The installer will thoroughly clean and dry your floor. The cleaner the floor, the carpet will eventually feel. The installer can leave the existing tackle strips. If none, they will install new columns.

Next, the old carpet cushion will be removed and replaced with the new carpet padding, making a big difference in the feeling and functionality of your new carpet.

To properly install the tool to install a carpeted floor, you will need a specialized kit and a few steps to follow.

Measuring for underlying carpet installation

It is best to use a good quality, domestic metal tape to do this job well. Measure the lengths and breadths and calculate the area. Then cut the piece of the underlying pad to fit the surface perfectly.

Floor preparation for the new Carpet installation

Before you begin, you should do a series of checks on the area where you will lay the carpet floor. First, make sure the surface is clean. If there is excess dust, you can use a vacuum cleaner and be sure to remove nails or small objects that have stuck to the surface. 

If you can, temporarily extract the doors from their frames, this will speed up your work, but do not force it if circumstances do not allow you to do so. After that, you should nail your carpet gripper to the room’s edges.

It would help if you remained at least a quarter of the total thickness of the carpet you will use. Sticking carpet into this gap is very important if you will lay the floor successfully. Remember not to put grippers in front of your door; They are angular and should face the wall.

If your basement is stiff, you may need to attach your gripper. In doing this, be careful when placing the gripper to ensure that the bottom is uniform. Once the carpet is ready to be installed, you can proceed to lay the carpet.

Install tackless strip

The tackle bar creates a carpeted frame. When placing the strip, make sure the pins face the adjacent wall or opening. Position and nail 1/2 inch from the wall (see Example 1). For concrete floors, use glue.

Laying Carpet underlay(padding)

It seems simple, but be sure not to rush things. Laying your carpet and floor in the wrong way will create a crooked carpet. First, observe the direction of the floorboards and adjust the angles below as you place them.

Finishing touches

Cut off any excess underlayment that has stuck along the inside of the gripper. Then, seal the seams using underlying material, keeping the underside and hiding the lines while laying the carpet.

New Carpet Installation

The carpet pieces should be larger than the relevant room in a small amount, covering up to six inches. This cover cutting can be tricky, and it is imperative to cut it correctly when replacing the carpet. Experienced installers accomplish it precisely the first time, and the new carpet will prevent wastage or damage. This should be planned when you are measuring for carpet installation.

Measuring for the new Carpet Installation

Make a drawing

Grab a Pencil and a paper. Then sketch the area where you are going to lay the carpet. No need for a perfect diagram, but you will need accurate measurements.

Measure

Now measure all the lengths and breadths using domestic metal tape and write down near the relevant lines. 

Calculate

Calculate the area (length*breadth) and buy the necessary area of carpets. 

Note:- Remember to keep additional lengths for the seams (six inches).

Laying the new carpet

Lay the new carpet on the padding. It’s really simple. But, the hardest part is coming on the way.

Match the carpet stitches for a best Carpet installation

Most rooms require more than one carpet. The popular way to do this is to cut the carpet from wall to wall to ensure that the pattern fits correctly. The carpet is cut with great precision, so it perfectly aligns with the stitching.

The stitching tape is used to connect the two stitches. The seams between the two carpet pieces should be cut simultaneously, or their edges will not match exactly. Sewing tape must be used correctly with a steam iron and carpet roller. Otherwise, the seam will not seal completely.

Carpet extension and attachment

To finish the installation, first, stretch the carpet using a “knee kicker” and then spread the carpet along each wall to attach to the tackle strips. The extension should be followed by cutting the final wall, pasting the walls and re-installing the mould on the baseboards.

The first piece you want is the one that overlaps the floor edge. It should overlap by about 10 cm. Do not bother if it does not seem to be good, as you can cut this off once the carpet is laid properly. When cutting the first part, you need to measure the longest point in the room. Once you have taken the measurement, measure 10 cm. Then fold the carpet over.

Rugs or carpets are an essential part of flooring worldwide. Carpets are important to satisfy the comfy texture, feel, and look. The worldwide carpets take a vast diversity. Synthetic carpet technology is also a part of that diversified field.

Synthetic Carpet Pros and Cons

What is Synthetic Carpet?

However, all carpets are not made of similar techniques. Also, they even use different materials according to the final purpose. Further, the manufacturing method of the Carpet also depends on the type of material. So, there is vast diversity among the rugs or carpets in the market.

Basically, carpets are a textile product and a rich floor covering. They consist of two layers. The top layer attached to the pre-woven bottom layer is called the “pile”. According to the different materials they have made, carpets got different classifications. Carpets are usually wool, jute or synthetic fibres.

Carpets made of synthetic fibre are Synthetic Carpets. Worldwide production happens using a variety of chemical compounds, including polyester, nylon, and polypropylene. Also, machine technologies are essential to make these carpets.

Also, there are a few categories of Synthetic Carpets in the market.

  1. Nylon Synthetic Carpets:- When it comes to the residential carpet industry, Nylon is the most popular type. It is durable, relatively easy to maintain and has a firm reputation for high demand. The secret of Nylon’s durability lies in its elasticity – its ability to literally “reverse” from compactness, so it does not retain compression points for long periods in vacuum or foot compression.
  2. Polyester Synthetic Carpets:- Durability is not insufficient. But well stain-resistant. Also, fade-resistant. The price is very affordable than Nylon.
  3. Polypropylene/Olefin:- Polypropylene carpet is a famous desire for low-visitors, indoor regions because it’s far obviously moulding and moisture resistant. Because polypropylene is vulnerable to crushing, you can purchase it in a Berber carpet style, and best use it in low-visitor regions. 
  4. Triexta:- Triexta is a newer, hybrid carpet. This is made with the aid of using combining sustainable materials, like corn sugars, with polyester. In phrases of durability, it rests among Nylon and polyester.

Synthetic Carpet Pros and Cons

Pros

These carpets deliver considerable advantages for the users.

  1. Durability:- The most common advantage among artificially made carpets and rugs. They are commonly ultra-durable than the natural fibre (wool) carpets.
  2. Inexpensive:- Since the supply of synthetic fibre may not limit in any circumstance, the supply of the carpets is also pretty good. So, they have a balanced supply and demand, which balances the retail price.
  3. Easy to clean:- Unlike natural fibres, synthetic fibres assist the user in scrubbing hard spots, Steam cleaning, and can remove most stains from off-the-shelf cleaning products.
  4. Stain resistance:- Creating a permanent stain on a synthetic Carpet requires a lot of punishment.
  5. Many Colours to Select:- Since these are artificial, many designs, patterns, and colours are in the market.

Cons

  1. Static Electricity:- Synthetic fibres are very responsive to creating static charges as quick as they rub or touch something. The situation is prominent when it comes to dry climate. So, people who don’t love electric shocks may be unfamiliar with Synthetic carpets.
  2. Synthetic Carpet isn’t environmental friendly:- The process of decaying will take too much time. Also, they got many toxins, and the materials aren’t biodegradable.
  3. Shedding, Crushing and tearing:- When we use a Synthetic carpet for a long time in a high traffic area, they are subject to shedding, matting, and pilling. It may disturb the beauty and the freshness of your home.
  4. Less Comfy:- Some of them are incredibly comfy, but not at all. The rigid fibre may give a less comfortable feel sometimes. Because these carpets are not always soft, they may reduce the luxury of your home.

Synthetic Carpet vs Wool Carpet

Now, you know what the benefits of Synthetic carpet are. Wool is also a better option in carpet and rug matters. Let’s see what the pros and cons of wool carpets are.

Pros

  1. Long-lasting:- Wool is extraordinarily long-lasting and clean to keep due to the fact wool dust is excessive in the carpet pile so that it could be without difficulty eliminated with a vacuum.
  2. Eco-Friendly:- Wool is an eco-friendly alternative because it’s renewable and uses one 1/3 to 1 6th of the strength required to fabricate artificial carpet.
  3. Biodegradable:- Wool is biodegradable and a brilliant insulator, which reduces strength prices inside your home.
  4. Hypo allergic:- Wool is hypo allergic and enables to ease the air through soaking up dirt and allergens, making it a brilliant alternative for humans with allergies.
  5. Lessen Humidity: It also enables lessening humidity by soaking up moisture from the air. Also, wool is extraordinarily heat resistant.

Cons

  1. Staining:- The value of wool is commonly drastically better than artificial. Wool is extraordinarily absorbent, making it very liable to staining.
  2. Inset-friendly:- Wool carpets can entice carpet moths, which thrive in humid environments like Queensland.
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